Areas of Exploration


These three Areas of Exploration (AoEs) offer three different approaches to understanding texts. It helps to think of them as lenses through which you can read texts. The questions provided below are useful starting point for discussion and textual analysis. While students are expected to spend an equal amount of time on each AoE (50 hours on each AoE at standard level (SL) and 80 hours on each AoE at higher level (HL)), and explore an equal amount of literary works in relation to each AoE (at least 1 work for each AoE at SL and 2 works for each AoE at HL), students will most likely explore multiple areas with multiple works and texts simultaneously. The wording of the questions has been altered to avoid copyright issues with the IB. You can print out the A6 cards below for classroom activities.

A6 cards: 'Areas of exploration'
Readers, writers, texts

  1. How and why do people study language and literature?
  2. How are readers affected by texts in different ways?
  3. In what ways do readers and writers construct ‘meaning’ through texts?
  4. How can the use of language in different types of texts vary? 
  5. How do the style and structure of a text affect its meaning?
  6. How can texts challenge readers or offer insight?
Time and space

  1. How can the cultural and historical context of a text influence the way it is written or received? 
  2. How do readers approach texts from times and cultures that are different from their own? 
  3. How can texts offer insight into another culture? 
  4. How can the meaning and impact of a text change over time? 
  5. How can texts reflect, represent or shape cultural practices? 
  6. How can language reflect people’s sense of identity or place in society?

Intertextuality: connecting texts

  1. How can texts be typical or atypical, conventional or unconventional? 
  2. How can the conventions of a text type evolve over time? 
  3. What can diverse texts have in common?  
  4. To what extent can a text be considered a ‘classic’?
  5. How can different texts offer different perspectives on a topic, issue or theme? 
  6. How can comparing and interpreting texts be transformative for the reader?
Last modified: Monday, 16 March 2020, 2:26 PM